Multiple Intelligences

The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. His work broadened the scope of traditional intelligence (based on Intelligence Quotient testing.) These intelligences are:

  • Linguistic intelligence (“word smart”)
  • Logical-mathematical intelligence (“number/reasoning smart”)
  • Spatial intelligence (“picture smart”)
  • Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence (“body smart”)
  • Musical intelligence (“music smart”)
  • Interpersonal intelligence (people smart”)
  • Intrapersonal intelligence (“self smart”)
  • Naturalist intelligence (“nature smart”)


Lincoln Prairie recognizes Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory as the means to which students learn best. Teachers provide experiences that are rich in intelligences so that students can rely on their strengths to grow and create a safe environment to explore new intelligences. Students begin to recognize what their dominant intelligences may be and how that impacts them as a learner. Your child’s teacher can share more about what this looks like in the classroom.